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ニュース / 世界重要トピックス
欧州の輸送政策:正しい方向への舵取りの必要性 Europe needs to steer transport policy in the right direction
2009年04月03日
Press release : 欧州環境庁 (EEA)
Published: 31 Mar 2009

欧州環境庁 (European Environmental Agency)によると、ヨーロッパに於ける「輸送・交通体制」は、依然、Europe's greenhouse gas emissions に逆行し、旧態然たる非効率的な状態であり、排ガスや騒音をまき散らしている。

Transport continues to contribute disproportionally to Europe's greenhouse gas emissions, poor air quality and noise; and still uses the least efficient modes to move people and goods.

詳細は、3月31日付けで、欧州議会より出版された報告書「Transport at a crossroads」(ジャクリーン・マッグレイド教授著)に詳しい。 教授によると、「われわれは、欧州の環境にインパクトを与える技術を分かっているのに、自動車の生産ラインから外されたのは"Green"系であり、商業輸送部門では相変わらず非効率なモデルを踏襲し、ヨーロッパを縦断する鉄道網も統一化されていない。

The findings are set out in the report 'Transport at a crossroads', launched today at the European Parliament in Brussels by Professor Jacqueline McGlade, EEA Executive Director, "We know the technology exists to tackle impacts of the transport sector on Europe's environment. However, many vehicles rolling off production lines are anything but green, the freight sector still favours the least efficient transport modes and railways across the EU still do not have a unified system."


教授はさらに、経済や環境問題を再生可能(自然)エネルギーやグリーン・システムで解決しなくてはいけないこの時期に、輸送・交通部門は、逆の方向に向かっている。 このことは、「運輸」が、大気汚染や温室ガス排出など様々な悪環境を引き起こし続けているといわざるを得ない、と述べている。


"At a time when we need to tackle our economic and environmental problems through sustainable and green solutions, trends in transport are pointing in the wrong direction; and will continue to contribute to air pollution, rising emissions of greenhouse gas and many negative environmental impacts." said Professor McGlade.

  • Emissions of GHG have increased by 26 % or 180 million tonnes, between 1990 and 2006, excluding international aviation and marine transport (EU-15). Representing a higher increase than the annual national emissions for 2006 from Belgium; 132 million tonnes, or Romania; 157million tonnes.(1)
  • Between 1996 and 2006 the total freight volume measured in tonne-kilometres for EU member states increased by 35 % or 650 M tonne-km, significantly more than the total freight transport of Germany. Rail freight and inland waterways saw a decline in market share
  • Between 1995 and 2006 car ownership levels in EU-27 increased by 22 %, or 52 Million cars. Representing an increase equivalent to the entire fleet of UK and Spain put together. The number of kilometres travelled by passengers in EEA member countries grew by 65million kilometres in 2006.
  • Air pollutants from vehicles are declining, but air quality is still a problem across Europe

Decoupling transport growth from economic growth

Well designed policies to manage demand for transport can reduce transport volumes. This would improve the transport efficiency of the economy and decouple transport growth from economic growth. The report also confirms that price signals play a major role in the choices made by consumers; with a 20% increase in demand for bus services related to a 10% increase in fuel prices.

"We still need clear, measurable, realistic and time related targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air emissions and noise from transport. Perhaps more critically, consumers have indicated through their reaction to volatile prices last year, that fuel and road pricing clearly has a role to play in tackling transport demand." says Professor McGlade.

Background on the report

The report 'Transport at a crossroads' is the annual publication from the EEA's Transport and Environment Reporting Mechanism (TERM), which monitors the progress and effectiveness of attempts to integrate transport and environment strategies. TERM reports have been published since 2000 and offer important insights that can help the development of EU policies. The report aims to cover all EEA member countries.

EEA member countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom.

About the European Environment Agency (EEA)

The EEA is based in Copenhagen. The agency aims to help achieve significant and measurable improvement in Europe's environment through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant and reliable information to policy makers and the public.

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