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サプライチェーン調査 2014年:風力発電 2014-2018年
Supply Chain Assessment 2014  Wind Energy 2014-2018
■商品番号 navigantdec07 ■出版日 2014-12-07
■出版社 NAVIGANT Research ■ページ数 286
■図表数 92 ■価格 U$ 2,650
■商品形態 電子媒体    
注:外貨表示の価格は購入申込日のTTSレートで換算し、消費税を加えたものが商品の購入価格になります。
レポート概要
この調査レポートは、世界の風力発電産業のサプライチェーンに関する重要な課題について調査しています。11の構成部品カテゴリを調査し、300社以上のサプライヤーを特定しています。また、4種の材料グループに属する200社以上のサプライヤーを詳細に調査しています。風力タービンベンダの上位企業を対象に、生産能力、サプライチェーン関係、技術戦略の分析も行っています。北米、アジア太平洋地域、ラテンアメリカを拠点とする主要サプライヤの主力製品と生産能力に関する情報は数値で提供されています。構成部品と製品カテゴリ毎の重要技術動向を分析しています。また2018年までの関連製造能力に関する分析や需要と供給の原動力の比較なども行っています。

The global wind power industry continues to transform and mature. As cost reductions and efficiencies of scale continue to be made, wind power is better able to compete in markets where policy support for clean energy generation has been limited. Due to innovation in technologies, supply chain strategies, and turbine designs, wind turbine vendors are meeting future challenges and preparing to compete purely on cost against traditional generation.

The supply chain plays an outsized role in this process through improvements and innovations in components and manufacturing processes. During the past 2 years, more flexible supply chain sourcing strategies have resulted in cost reductions, enabling greater geographic market access while reducing risk and ensuring profitability for wind turbine vendors and their partners. Continuing overcapacity in most areas (but not all) of the supply chain is providing more choice, flexibility, and cost control. This is allowing wind turbine OEMs to more easily adjust what components they produce in-house, what is outsourced, and when a blend of both is advantageous for cost, technological, or geographic reasons.

This Navigant Research report assesses the significant issues pertinent to the global wind power industry’s supply chain. The study examines 11 component categories and identifies more than 300 component suppliers; it also scrutinizes more than 200 suppliers across four groups of materials. Analysis is provided of the top wind turbine vendors and their manufacturing capabilities, supply chain relationships, and technology strategies. Key offerings and the capacity for leading suppliers, located primarily in North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Latin America, are quantified. The report also analyzes the major technology trends within each of the component and materials categories, as well as the related manufacturing capacity and supply versus demand dynamics expected through 2018.

Key Questions Addressed:
What improvements are being made to the main components used in a wind turbine?
How do the manufacturing capacities of the key components affect supply versus demand dynamics?
Which component and materials suppliers are most active in the wind power market and what are their offerings?
Who are the top wind turbine vendors and what are their manufacturing capabilities and supply chain strategies?
How are strategic decisions around sourcing materials like fiberglass, carbon fiber, and others shifting?
What components are becoming more commoditized and are being produced by lower-cost suppliers?
How are regional manufacturing cost issues affecting the wind turbine market?
Where is cost cutting occurring in the wind power components and materials supply chain?

Who needs this report?
Wind turbine OEMs
Wind power component suppliers
Wind power component materials manufacturers
Industrial manufacturers
Government agencies
Policymakers
Investor community

目次

Table of Contents

1. Preface and Acknowledgements

2. Executive Summary

2.1 Overview

3. Introduction

3.1 Methodology

3.2 Limitations of the Research

3.3 Evolution of the Wind Power Supply Chain

3.4 Overview of Global Wind Turbine ManufacturingCapacity

4. Trends in the Wind Turbine OEM Supply Chain

4.1 Strategic Directions in Wind Turbine Supply Chain Sourcing Strategies

4.1.1 Outsourcing Components to the Third-Party Market

4.1.1.1 Build-to-Print

4.1.1.2 Standardized Products

4.1.2 Vertical Integration of Component Supply

4.1.3 Globalization in the Wind Industry

4.1.4 Turbine Upscaling

4.2 Wind Turbine Supply Chain Strategies  Top 10 Wind Turbine Vendors, Year-End 2013

4.2.1 Vestas

4.2.1.1 Vestas Blades

4.2.1.2 Vestas North America

4.2.1.3 Vestas Latin America

4.2.2 GE Energy

4.2.2.1 GE Gearbox Strategy Shifting

4.2.2.2 GE Nacelle and Turbine Production

4.2.3 Gamesa

4.2.3.1 Gamesa’s Shift in Blade Manufacturing and Sourcing

4.2.4 Enercon

4.2.4.1 Enercon’s German Base

4.2.4.2 Enercon’s Facilities Expansion Outside ofGermany

4.2.5 Suzlon

4.2.5.1 Senvion (Majority Ownership under Suzlon)

4.2.6 Siemens

4.2.7 Goldwind

4.2.7.1 Goldwind’s Strategic Shifts

4.2.8 Nordex

4.2.9 United Power

4.2.10 Ming Yang

4.2.10.1 Ming Yang’s Offshore Ambitions

5. The Wind Power Industry Supply Chain

5.1 Scope of the Assessment

5.2 Overview by Component and Material Type

5.2.1 Blades

5.2.2 Gearboxes

5.2.3 Electric Generators

5.2.4 Bearings

5.2.5 Wind Power Converters

5.2.6 Power Transformers

5.2.7 Wind Turbine Control Systems

5.2.8 Towers

5.2.9 Pitch Systems

5.2.10 Nacelle Covers and Spinners/Nose Cones

5.2.11 Reinforcement Fibers

5.2.12 Resins (Epoxy and Polyester)

6. Supply Chain Assessment of Key Components

6.1 Blades

6.1.1 Blades Overview

6.1.2 Blades Technology Trends Overview

6.1.3 Blades Function

6.1.4 Materials Used in Blades

6.1.4.1 Core Materials

6.1.5 Main Types of Wind Blade Design

6.1.5.1 Structural Shell Blade Design

6.1.5.2 Structural Box Spar Design

6.1.6 Blade Manufacturing Technologies

6.1.6.1 Vacuum Resin Infusion Blade Manufacturing

6.1.6.2 Pre-Preg Blade Manufacturing

6.1.6.3 Pro and Con Considerations: Vacuum ResinInfusion versus Pre-Preg

6.1.7 Main Blade Suppliers

6.1.8 Independent Blade Manufacturers

6.1.9 In-House Blade Manufacturing

6.1.10 Blade Design Companies

6.1.11 Manufacturing Capacity of Wind Turbine Suppliers

6.1.12 Summary of the Supply/Demand Situation forBlades

6.1.12.1 Capacity Analysis

6.1.12.2 Oversize Blades on the Rise in theUnited States, China, and Europe

6.1.12.3 Technology Trends and Challenges

6.1.12.4 Progress with Segmented Blade Designs

6.1.12.5 Blade Extensions Boosting Energy Production

6.1.12.6 Vortex Generators Increasing Lift

6.1.12.7 Blade Defects Continue to Challenge theWind Sector

6.1.12.8 Offshore Pushing the Boundaries ofLarge Blades

6.2 Gearboxes

6.2.1 Gearboxes Overview and Function

6.2.2 Identification of Main Suppliers

6.2.3 Leading Gearbox Companies

6.2.3.1 Winergy

6.2.3.2 ZF Group

6.2.3.3 Moventas

6.2.3.4 Bosch Rexroth AG

6.2.3.5 Jahnel-Kestermann

6.2.3.6 Eickhoff

6.2.3.7 Ishibashi Manufacturing Co.

6.2.3.8 Echesa

6.2.3.9 RENK

6.2.3.10 Wikov Wind

6.2.3.11 GE Drivetrain Technologies

6.2.3.12 Nanjing High Speed Gear ManufacturingCo. Ltd. (China High Speed  NGC)

6.2.3.13 Chongqing Gearbox Co. (CN GPower Gearbox)

6.2.3.14 Dalian Heavy Industry (DHI"DCW)

6.2.3.15 Hyosung Corp.

6.2.4 Manufacturing Capacity by Gearbox Manufacturers, Product Overview, and Known Customers

6.2.5 Delivery Time for Gearbox Components

6.2.6 Quality Remains Paramount but Vendor Supply Remains Significant

6.2.7 Innovation Is Key

6.2.8 Medium-Speed Gearboxes for Offshore

6.2.9 Facilitating Up-Tower Repairs

6.2.10 Challenges from Direct Drive Technology

6.2.11 Summary of the Supply/Demand Situation for Gearboxes

6.2.11.1 Europe

6.2.11.2 North America

6.2.11.3 China

6.2.11.4 Global Gearbox Manufacturing Capacity

6.2.12 Offshore Gearbox Suppliers

6.3 Electric Generators

6.3.1 Electric Generators Function

6.3.2 Main Suppliers of Generators

6.3.3 Manufacturing Capacity of Main Generator Suppliers

6.3.4 Generator Technologies in the Wind Industry

6.3.5 Summary of the Supply/Demand Situation for Generators

6.3.5.1 Current Global Generator ManufacturingSupply Capacity

6.3.5.2 Supply Chain Situation in 2013: DFIG and DD

6.3.5.3 Summary of the Supply Chain Situationby Generator Type

6.3.5.3.1. Return to DFIG

6.3.5.3.2. Challenges for the Supply Chain of PMGs

6.3.6 Suppliers for Offshore Wind

6.4 Bearings

6.4.1 Bearings Overview

6.4.2 Function of Bearings in a Wind Turbine

6.4.2.1 Rotor Bearing

6.4.2.2 Pitch Bearing

6.4.2.3 Yaw Bearing

6.4.2.4 Gearbox Bearing

6.4.3 Main Bearings Suppliers

6.4.3.1 SKF

6.4.3.2 Schaeffler Group (FAG/INA)

6.4.3.3 ThyssenKrupp Rothe Erde

6.4.3.4 Rollix

6.4.3.5 Timken

6.4.3.6 Kaydon (a Part of SKF)

6.4.3.7 NTN

6.4.3.8 NSK

6.4.3.9 Koyo

6.4.3.10 IMO

6.4.3.11 The Liebherr Group of Companies

6.4.4 Manufacturing Capacity of Large Bearings Suppliers

6.4.5 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Bearings

6.4.5.1 Counterfeit Bearings Concern

6.4.5.2 Bearings Suppliers in Latin America

6.4.5.3 Bearings Suppliers in China and Asia Pacific

6.4.5.4 Steel Price Impact on Market Dynamics for Wind Bearings

6.4.6 Pitch and Yaw Bearings

6.4.7 Main Shaft, Gearbox, and Generator Bearings

6.4.8 Bearings Suppliers for Offshore Wind

6.4.9 Bearings Conclusions

6.5 Wind Power Converters

6.5.1 Wind Power Converters Overview

6.5.2 Function and Current Technology

6.5.3 New Vendors of Power Converters and Acquisitions

6.5.4 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Wind Power Converters

6.5.4.1 General Wind Power Converter Market Situation

6.5.4.2 Leading Power Converter Suppliers in Europeand North America

6.5.4.3 Converter Vendors from China, South Korea,and Japan

6.5.4.4 Trend toward Fully Rated Power Converters Slows Down

6.5.4.5 Suppliers for Offshore Wind

6.6 Power Transformers

6.6.1 Power Transformers Overview and Function

6.6.2 Background and Reliability Issues

6.6.3 Transformer Technologies

6.6.4 Offshore Applications

6.6.5 Main Transformer Suppliers

6.6.6 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Power Transformers

6.6.6.1 Contract Types

6.6.6.2 Technology Advantage

6.6.6.3 Overview of Power Transformer Supply Chain

6.6.6.4 Transformer Materials

6.6.6.5 Dry versus Liquid Transformers

6.6.6.6 Capacity, Production Facilities, and Delivery

6.6.6.7 Transformer Market

6.6.7 Suppliers for Offshore Wind

6.7 Wind Turbine Control Systems

6.7.1 Wind Turbine Control Systems Overview

6.7.2 Individual Pitch Control

6.7.3 Additional Control System Capabilities and Trends

6.7.3.1 Control Systems and Electricity Grid Interaction

6.7.3.2 De-Rated Power Operation

6.7.3.3 Tower Oscillation Monitoring

6.7.3.4 Black Box Fault Monitoring

6.7.4 Marketplace Overview of Control System Manufacturers

6.8 Towers

6.8.1 Towers Overview

6.8.2 Tower Design Variations

6.8.2.1 Tubular Steel Towers

6.8.2.2 Steel Types and Grades for Tubular Wind Towers

6.8.2.3 Hybrid Concrete and Steel Towers

6.8.2.4 Advanced Lattice, Bolted Shell, and Other Tower Alternatives

6.8.3 Main Tower Suppliers

6.8.4 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Towers

6.8.5 Specific Wind Tower Market Analyses for Key Regions of the World

6.8.5.1 Europe

6.8.5.2 North America

6.8.5.2.1. United States

6.8.5.2.2. Tower Dumping Exports from China and Vietnam

6.8.5.2.3. Canada

6.8.5.3 China

6.8.5.4 South Korea

6.8.5.5 Australia

6.8.5.6 Latin America

6.8.6 Suppliers for Offshore Wind Towers

6.9 Pitch Systems

6.9.1 Pitch Systems Function

6.9.2 Types of Pitch Systems

6.9.3 Standard Electric Planet Gear Reducer Pitch Drive

6.9.4 Belt-Drive Electric System

6.9.5 Backup Power for Pitch Systems

6.9.6 Ultracapacitors

6.9.6.1 Ultracap Pitch Patent Implications

6.9.7 Main Pitch System Suppliers

6.9.8 Manufacturing Capacity of Main Pitch System Suppliers

6.9.9 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Pitch Systems

6.9.9.1 Global Status

6.9.9.2 Offshore Wind

6.10 Nacelle Covers and Spinners/Nose Cones

6.10.1 Nacelle Covers and Spinners/Nose Cones Overview

6.10.2 Marketplace Overview and Manufacturers

6.11 Alternative Drivetrains  Hydraulic

6.11.1 Hydraulic Drivetrains Overview

6.11.2 General Hydraulic Drive Principles

6.11.3 Commercialization of Hydraulic Drives in the Wind Industry

6.12 Reinforcement Fibers

6.12.1 Glass Fibers

6.12.1.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situationfor Glass Fibers

6.12.1.1.1. Chinese Fiberglass ManufacturingExpansions

6.12.1.1.2. European Fiberglass Manufacturers

6.12.1.1.3. Low-Cost Chinese-ManufacturedFiberglass Affecting Global Markets

6.12.1.2 Summary of the Glass Fiber Market

6.12.2 Carbon Fibers

6.12.2.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Carbon Fibers

6.12.2.2 Global Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Capacities and Wind Market Demand

6.12.2.3 Carbon Fiber Manufacturers and Market Dynamics

6.12.3 Woven and Stitched Fabrics

6.12.3.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situationfor Woven and Stitched Fabrics

6.12.4 Pre-Preg Glass and Carbon Fiber

6.12.4.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation forPre-Preg Materials

6.12.4.2 Pre-Preg Vendors to the Wind Power Market and General Market Dynamics

6.13 Resins (Epoxy and Polyester)

6.13.1 Epoxy Resin Overview

6.13.1.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Epoxy Resins

6.13.1.1.1. Select Raw Materials Shortages for Epoxy

6.13.1.1.2. Key Suppliers of Epoxy Resins tothe Global Wind Markets

6.13.1.1.3. North American Epoxy Market for Wind Blades

6.13.1.1.4. Chinese Epoxy Market for Wind Blades

6.13.1.1.5. Indian Epoxy Market for Wind Blades

6.13.2 Unsaturated Polyester Resin Overview

6.13.2.1 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Unsaturated Polyester Resins

6.13.2.1.1. Health Concerns of Key Ingredient Styrene in Unsaturated Polyester Resins

6.13.2.2 Conclusions on the Unsaturated Polyester Resin Market for Wind Blades

6.14 Castings

6.14.1 Key Cast Components for Wind Turbines

6.14.2 Function

6.14.3 Weight Approximations for Wind Turbine Castings

6.14.4 Manufacturers of Wind Castings by Region

6.15 Forgings

6.15.1 Key Forged Components for Wind Turbines

6.15.2 Function

6.15.3 Manufacturers of Wind Forgings by Region

6.15.4 Summary of Supply/Demand Situation for Forgings

7. Appendices

7.1 Commercial Megawatt-Class Wind Turbines in the Global Market

8. Index
9. Acronym and Abbreviation List, Technical Units
10. Table of Contents
11. Table of Charts and Figures
12. Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • Supply vs. Demand of Key Wind Turbine Components, World Markets: 2014
  • Top 10 Wind Turbine Suppliers, World Markets: 2013
  • Overview of Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand by Major Wind Power Components, World Markets: 2014
  • Blade Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets:2014 and 2018
  • Gearbox Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets:2014 and 2018
  • Generator Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets:2014 and 2018
  • Bearing Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets:2014 and 2018
  • Wind Power Converter Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets: 2014 and 2018
  • Power Transformer Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets: 2014 and 2018
  • Tower Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets:2014 and 2018
  • Pitch System Manufacturing Capacity vs. Demand, World Markets: 2014 and 2018
  • Scope of the Supply Chain Assessment
  • Location of Main Wind Turbine Component Suppliers
  • Two Dominant Blade Design Approaches: Structural Shell and Structural Box Spar
  • Gamesa Segmented Wind Blade Connection Using Double Lap Bolted Shear Joint
  • Enercon’s Segmented Blade Evolution: E-101 and E-115
  • Vortex Generators in Action
  • Overview of Key Generator Technologies in the Wind Industry
  • Bearings Used in a Wind Turbine
  • Illustration of Gearbox Bearings
  • Typical Converter Layouts
  • Structure of Back-to-Back Frequency Converter
  • Pitch Control Systems for Wind Turbines
  • Artemis Intelligent Power Hydraulic Drive Used in Mitsubishi’s 7 MW SeaAngel
  • Voith WinDrive
  • Typical Cast Components Used for Wind Turbines
  • Main Forged Components in a Wind Turbine
  • Selected Megawatt-Class Onshore Wind Turbines, World Markets
  • Selected Megawatt-Class Offshore Wind Turbines, World Markets

List of Tables

  • Global Demand vs. Manufacturing Capacity, World Markets: 2014
  • Supply Chain of Main Turbine Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Average Size of Turbines Installed Each Year, Select World Markets: 2008-2013
  • Key Components and Materials Covered by This Assessment
  • Three Common Blade Manufacturing Technologies
  • Independent Blade Manufacturers, World Markets
  • In-House Blade Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Blade Suppliers to the Top 10 Wind Turbine Manufacturers, World Markets
  • In-House Blade Production Capacity of Top 10 Wind Turbine Suppliers, World Markets: 2013
  • Blade Production Capacity of Independent Suppliers, World Markets
  • Gearbox Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Classification of Gearbox Manufacturers to the Wind Industry,World Markets
  • Gearbox Suppliers to Top 10 Turbine Manufacturers(DD Vendors Excluded), World Markets
  • Gearbox Manufacturing Capacity, World Markets
  • Delivery Times for Gearbox Components
  • Offshore Gearbox Suppliers, World Markets
  • Wind Turbine Generator Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Generator Suppliers to Top 10 Turbine Manufacturers,World Markets
  • Manufacturing Capacity of Main Generator Suppliers,World Markets
  • Two Leading Generator Drivetrain Approaches: DFIG and DD
  • Main Suppliers of Permanent Magnet Generators, World Markets
  • Generator Manufacturers with Offshore Wind Applications,World Markets
  • Specific Applications of Bearings in Different Components
  • Classification of Bearings Suppliers to the Wind Industry,World Markets
  • Bearings Production Capacity of Large Bearings Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Pitch and Yaw Bearings
  • Main Shaft and Gearbox Bearings
  • Suppliers of Large Bearings for Offshore Turbines, World Markets
  • Advantages/Disadvantages of Using Power Converters in Wind Turbine Systems
  • Independent Power Converter Suppliers, World Markets
  • Power Converter Suppliers to Top 10 Turbine Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Independent Power Converter Suppliers for Offshore Turbines, World Markets
  • Key Differences: Dry-Type and Liquid-Type Transformers
  • Main Power Transformer Suppliers, World Markets
  • Small-Scale Emerging Power Transformer Suppliers, Asia Pacific
  • Independent Power Transformer Suppliers for Offshore Turbines, World Markets
  • Wind Turbine Power Curves and Blade Pitch
  • Key Independent Suppliers of Wind Turbine Control Systems, World Markets
  • Main Wind Tower Designs
  • Hybrid Concrete and Steel Towers
  • Concrete and Hybrid Steel and Concrete Tower Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Vestas Large Diameter Steel Tower  Two-Piece Bolted Tower Base Design
  • Advanced Lattice and Bolted Steel Shell Towers
  • Capacity, Products, and Customers of Main Tower Manufacturers, World Markets
  • Capacity, Products, and Customers of Main Tower Manufacturers, China and Other Global Markets
  • Tower Suppliers for Offshore Turbines, World Markets
  • Pitch System Components
  • Wind Turbine Vendors Using Ultracapacitors in Pitch Systems, World Markets
  • Suppliers of Pitch Systems to the Wind Industry, World Markets
  • Pitch System Suppliers to Top 15 Turbine Manufacturers,World Markets
  • Manufacturing Capacity of Main Pitch System Suppliers,World Markets
  • Nacelle Covers and Spinners
  • Key Suppliers of Nacelle Covers and Spinners, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Glass Fibers, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Carbon Fibers, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Woven and Stitched Fabrics, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Pre-Preg Glass, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Epoxy Resins to the Wind Industry, World Markets
  • Key Suppliers of Unsaturated Polyester to the Wind Industry,World Markets
  • Weight Data for Main Wind Turbine Components Requiring Castings
  • Major Suppliers of Castings for the Wind Industry, World Markets
  • Weight Data for Main Wind Turbine Components Requiring Forgings
  • Major Suppliers of Forgings to the Wind Industry, World Markets

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