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欧州のスマートメータ市場 (第11版)
Smart Metering in Europe 11th Edition
■商品番号 bergdec09 ■出版日 2014-12-09
■出版社 Berg Insight ■ページ数 279
■図表数 お問い合わせください ■価格 EUR 1,200
■商品形態 冊子媒体(電子媒体のお値段はお問い合わせください)    
注:外貨表示の価格は購入申込日のTTSレートで換算し、消費税を加えたものが商品の購入価格になります。
レポート概要
この調査レポートは、欧州のスマートメータ市場を調査し、スマートメータの導入を促進するEUのエネルギーポリシーと欧州の最新市場発展について、解説・分析しています。

主な掲載内容
1. Smart Metering in Europe  Berg Insight欧州のエネルギー、ガス、地域熱供給(地域暖房)
2. スマートメータソリューション
3. ネットワークと通信技術 1. スマートグリッド通信ネットワーク
2. 電力線搬送通信 (PLC) 技術とベンダ
3. RF技術とベンダ
4. セルラー技術とベンダ
5. 低消費電力無線技術とベンダ

4. スマートメータの関連企業 1. メータベンダ
2. スマートグリッドネットワーキングおよびソリューション提供会社
3. スマートメータソフトウェアとデータ解析ソリューション提供会社
4. システムインテグレータと通信サービス提供会社

5. 市場情報



1. 地域概説
2. オーストリア
3. ベルギー
4. ブルガリア
5. クロアチア
6. キプロス
7. チェコ共和国
8. デンマーク
9. エストニア
10. フィンランド
11. フランス
12. ドイツ
13. ギリシャ
14. ハンガリー
15. アイルランド
16. イタリア
17. ラトビア
18. リトアニア
19. ルクセンブルク
20. マルタ
21. オランダ
22. ノルウェー
23. ポーランド
24. ポルトガル
25. ルーマニア
26. スロバキア
27. スロベニア
28. スペイン
29. スウェーデン
30. スイス
31. 英国

6. ケーススタディ:欧州のスマートメータ計画 1. Enel
2. ERDF
3. E.ON
4. Iberdrola
5. GrDF
6. オランダのスマートメータプロジェクト
7. 英国のスマートメータ推進プログラム
8. ドイツのスマートグリッドネットワーキングアーキテクチャ
9. 南東ヨーロッパのスマートメータプロジェクト

7. 市場予測と動向 1. 市場動向
2. スマート電気メータ市場予測
3. スマートガスメータ市場予測


Description

Are you looking for detailed information and comprehensive data about the European smart metering market (electricity and gas)? Berg Insight’s analyst team has been covering smart metering continuously for more than twelve years. Now in the eleventh edition, Smart Metering in Europe is our flagship 280-page report covering AMM in EU28+2. Learn more about the EU energy policies driving the adoption of smart metering and the latest market developments in Europe.

Summary

Executive summary

EU28+2 has 281 million metered electricity customers and the annual demand for electricity meters for new installations and replacements is in the range of 1216 million units. Penetration for smart meters, providing more comprehensive functionality than basic meter data collections, was 24 percent at the end of 2014. By 2020, Berg Insight projects that the penetration rate will increase to 58 percent, driven by large rollouts in Spain, France and the UK, in combination with nationwide rollouts in several smaller countries. The installed base of smart electricity meters is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 15.8 percent between 2014 and 2020 to reach 163.8 million units at the end of the period. The rate of installations is expected to accelerate towards the end of the decade as nationwide rollouts in France and eventually also the UK get underway. Berg Insight also anticipates that deployments of a new generation of smart meters will start in Italy by circa 2020 as the first intelligent metering devices installed in the country reach the end of their technical lifespan. Moreover an uptake in adoption in Germany is likely, although full-scale installations cannot be expected to begin before the mid-2020s.

Europe’s national governments play a key role for the adoption of smart metering. The EU’s highly publicised 20/20/20 targets merely include a recommendation for the member states to evaluate the technology and introduce it  if there is a positive business case. Over the past years, almost all European countries have performed cost benefit analyses of smart metering and the majority of the cases have resulted in a recommendation to go ahead with a rollout. Italy and Sweden were the first countries in Europe to complete smart meter rollouts in the late 2000s, followed by Finland at the end of 2013. A second wave of deployments is now prepared or underway in France, the Netherlands, Spain, the UK and several other countries in Western Europe. Estonia is doing the first nationwide rollout in Eastern Europe, where other markets with a high level of activity also include Poland and Latvia. At the end of 2014, a total of seventeen European countries had developed regulatory roadmaps for the full-scale introduction of smart meters and at least two more were planning for partial rollouts. Among the largest countries, only Germany remains indecisive about smart meters. The official position of Germany’s federal government is that the country should design the roll-out of smart metering systems in a targeted fashion which meets the needs of its energy reforms. A proposed plan for a partial rollout to around 30 percent of the households is currently being evaluated. If approved, Berg Insight believes that it could result in a gradual ramp-up of smart meter deployments in the late 2010s and full-scale replacements beyond 2020.

The year 2014 was mixed with both positive and negative events affecting the smart metering industry. On the positive side, the major French utilities ERDF and GrDF finally announced that they were going ahead with their smart meter rollouts, signing large contracts with equipment vendors. There were also several new projects announced in Eastern European countries such as Poland and Latvia. On the negative side, the UK’s DCC announced that it will be unable to launch the national smart metering solution on time and proposed a one year delay until the end of 2016, which probably postpones the start of the mass-rollout until 2017. In the area of smart meter communications, the most significant event was the tie-up between Alliander and Enexis to deploy a joint CDMA450 network for smart grid applications in the Netherlands.

Smart gas metering is starting to take off in Europe as a number of countries have identified a positive business case for the technology. Seven countries  Austria, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the UK  have made positive assessments in their national cost benefits analyses and plan full-scale rollouts. The Netherlands made the installation of smart gas meters mandatory for new connections and replacements in 2012 and the UK has also started with replacements on a small scale. During 2015, large-scale installations are planned to begin in France and Italy as well. At the end of 2014, there were 2.5 million smart gas meters in operation, corresponding to a penetration rate of around 2 percent. By 2020, Berg Insight projects that the rate will increase to 40 percent, mainly driven by nationwide rollouts in the UK, Italy and France. The installed base of smart gas meters is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 63.8 percent between 2014 and 2020 to reach 49.0 million units at the end of the period.


目次

Table of Contents

Table of Contents ......................................................................................................................... i
List of Figures .............................................................................................................................. x

Executive summary ..................................................................................................................... 1

1 Electricity, gas and district heating markets in Europe ....................................................... 3

1.1 Energy industry players ............................................................................................... 3
1.2 Electricity market ......................................................................................................... 5
1.3 Gas market ................................................................................................................ 13
1.4 District heating market ............................................................................................... 16

2 Smart metering solutions ................................................................................................... 17

2.1 Introduction to smart grids ........................................................................................ 17

2.2 Smart metering .......................................................................................................... 20

2.2.1 Smart metering applications ............................................................................... 20
2.2.2 Smart metering infrastructure.............................................................................. 24
2.2.3 Benefits of smart metering .................................................................................. 27

2.3 Project strategies ....................................................................................................... 29

2.3.1 System design and sourcing .............................................................................. 29
2.3.2 Rollout and integration ........................................................................................ 30
2.3.3 Implementation and operation ............................................................................ 31
2.3.4 Communicating with customers ......................................................................... 31

2.4 Regulatory issues ...................................................................................................... 32

2.4.1 Models for the introduction of smart meters ....................................................... 32
2.4.2 Standards and guidelines ................................................................................... 33
2.4.3 Individual rights issues ........................................................................................ 35

3 Networks and communication technologies ..................................................................... 37

3.1 Smart grid communication networks ........................................................................ 37

3.1.1 Smart grid network architecture .......................................................................... 39
3.1.2 Communication technology options ................................................................... 41

3.2 PLC technology and vendors .................................................................................... 42

3.2.1 International standards organisations ................................................................. 44
3.2.2 G3-PLC ................................................................................................................ 46
3.2.3 PRIME .................................................................................................................. 48
3.2.4 Meters & More ..................................................................................................... 51
3.2.5 LonWorks ............................................................................................................ 52
3.2.6 HomeGrid ............................................................................................................ 53
3.2.7 HomePlug ............................................................................................................ 53
3.2.8 Semiconductor companies ................................................................................. 55

3.3 RF technology and vendors ...................................................................................... 61

3.3.1 International standards organisations ................................................................. 62
3.3.2 Wi-SUN ................................................................................................................ 62
3.3.3 ZigBee ................................................................................................................. 63
3.3.4 Z-Wave ................................................................................................................ 63

3.4 Cellular technology and vendors............................................................................... 64

3.4.1 2G networks ........................................................................................................ 64
3.4.2 3G and 4G networks ........................................................................................... 65
3.4.3 Cellular M2M module vendors ............................................................................ 65

3.5 Low power wireless technology and vendors ........................................................... 66

3.5.1 Sigfox ................................................................................................................... 66
3.5.2 Weightless ........................................................................................................... 67

4 Smart metering industry players ........................................................................................ 69

4.1 Meter vendors ............................................................................................................ 69

4.1.1 Landis+Gyr ......................................................................................................... 70
4.1.2 Itron ..................................................................................................................... 75
4.1.3 Elster .................................................................................................................... 79
4.1.4 AEM ..................................................................................................................... 81
4.1.5 Aidon ................................................................................................................... 81
4.1.6 Apator .................................................................................................................. 82
4.1.7 Circutor ................................................................................................................ 83
4.1.8 Diehl Metering ..................................................................................................... 83
4.1.9 EDMI Meters ........................................................................................................ 84
4.1.10 Elektromed .......................................................................................................... 85
4.1.11 Elgama Elektronika ............................................................................................. 85
4.1.12 EMH Metering...................................................................................................... 85
4.1.13 Energomera ......................................................................................................... 86
4.1.14 GE Digital Energy ................................................................................................ 86
4.1.15 Hager ................................................................................................................... 87
4.1.16 Hexing Electrical .................................................................................................. 87
4.1.17 Holley Metering ................................................................................................... 88
4.1.18 Iskraemeco .......................................................................................................... 88
4.1.19 Janz ..................................................................................................................... 89
4.1.20 Kaifa Technology ................................................................................................. 89
4.1.21 Kamstrup ............................................................................................................. 89
4.1.22 Linyang Electronics ............................................................................................. 90
4.1.23 Orbis .................................................................................................................... 91
4.1.24 RIZ ....................................................................................................................... 91
4.1.25 Sagemcom .......................................................................................................... 92
4.1.26 Sanxing Electric ................................................................................................... 92
4.1.27 Secure Meters ..................................................................................................... 93
4.1.28 Sogecam ............................................................................................................. 93
4.1.29 VIKO .................................................................................................................... 94
4.1.30 Wasion ................................................................................................................. 94
4.1.31 ZIV ....................................................................................................................... 94
4.1.32 ZPA Smart Energy ............................................................................................... 95

4.2 Smart grid networking and solution providers .......................................................... 95

4.2.1 ADD Grup ............................................................................................................ 96
4.2.2 Ambient ............................................................................................................... 96
4.2.3 AP Systems ......................................................................................................... 97
4.2.4 Connode .............................................................................................................. 97
4.2.5 Corinex ................................................................................................................ 98
4.2.6 Cyan Technology ................................................................................................ 99
4.2.7 Dr Neuhaus ......................................................................................................... 99
4.2.8 Echelon ............................................................................................................. 100
4.2.9 NURI Telecom ................................................................................................... 101
4.2.10 Ormazabal ......................................................................................................... 102
4.2.11 Sensus ............................................................................................................... 102
4.2.12 Siemens ............................................................................................................. 103
4.2.13 Silver Spring Networks ...................................................................................... 105
4.2.14 Trilliant ............................................................................................................... 106
4.2.15 Xemex ................................................................................................................ 107

4.3 Smart metering software and data analytics solution providers ............................. 108

4.3.1 C3 Energy .......................................................................................................... 108
4.3.2 Cuculus ............................................................................................................. 109
4.3.3 Ecologic Analytics ............................................................................................. 109
4.3.4 eMeter................................................................................................................ 110
4.3.5 Enoro ................................................................................................................. 111
4.3.6 Ferranti Computer Systems .............................................................................. 111
4.3.7 G?litz ................................................................................................................ 111
4.3.8 Kisters ................................................................................................................ 112
4.3.9 Netinium ............................................................................................................ 112
4.3.10 Opower .............................................................................................................. 113
4.3.11 Oracle ................................................................................................................ 113
4.3.12 Powel ................................................................................................................. 114
4.3.13 SAP .................................................................................................................... 114
4.3.14 Telecontrol STM ................................................................................................ 115

4.4 System integrators and communication service providers ..................................... 115

4.4.1 Arqiva................................................................................................................. 116
4.4.2 Atos Worldgrid ................................................................................................... 116
4.4.3 Capgemini ......................................................................................................... 117
4.4.4 CGI .................................................................................................................... 117
4.4.5 Deutsche Telekom ............................................................................................ 118
4.4.6 Eltel Networks.................................................................................................... 118
4.4.7 Embriq ............................................................................................................... 119
4.4.8 Ericsson ............................................................................................................. 119
4.4.9 IBM .................................................................................................................... 120
4.4.10 Kapsch .............................................................................................................. 120
4.4.11 Maingate ............................................................................................................ 121
4.4.12 Omnetric Group ................................................................................................ 121
4.4.13 Schneider Electric ............................................................................................. 122
4.4.14 Telef?ica .......................................................................................................... 122
4.4.15 Telekom Austria ................................................................................................. 123
4.4.16 TeliaSonera ....................................................................................................... 123
4.4.17 Vodafone ........................................................................................................... 124

5 Market profiles ................................................................................................................. 125

5.1 Regional summary ................................................................................................... 125

5.1.1 EU smart metering policies ............................................................................... 125
5.1.2 National smart metering policies ....................................................................... 127
5.1.3 Top smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries .......................................... 129

5.2 Austria ...................................................................................................................... 131

5.2.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 131
5.2.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 132
5.2.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 133

5.3 Belgium .................................................................................................................... 134

5.3.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 134
5.3.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 135

5.4 Bulgaria .................................................................................................................... 136

5.4.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 136
5.4.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 137

5.5 Croatia ..................................................................................................................... 138

5.6 Cyprus ..................................................................................................................... 139

5.6.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 139
5.6.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots ............................ 140

5.7 Czech Republic ....................................................................................................... 141

5.7.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 141
5.7.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots ............................ 142

5.8 Denmark .................................................................................................................. 143

5.8.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 143
5.8.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 144
5.8.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 145

5.9 Estonia ..................................................................................................................... 147

5.9.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 147
5.9.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 148

5.10 Finland ..................................................................................................................... 149

5.10.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 149
5.10.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 152
5.10.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 152

5.11 France ...................................................................................................................... 154

5.11.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 154
5.11.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 155

5.12 Germany .................................................................................................................. 156

5.12.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 156
5.12.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 159
5.12.3 Results of smart meter cost benefit analysis ..................................................... 160
5.12.4 National smart metering standards ................................................................... 161
5.12.5 Smart meter market developments ................................................................... 162

5.13 Greece ..................................................................................................................... 163

5.13.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 163
5.13.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 164

5.14 Hungary ................................................................................................................... 164

5.14.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 165
5.14.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 166

5.15 Ireland ...................................................................................................................... 166

5.15.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 167
5.15.2 Nationwide program for deployment of smart meters ...................................... 167

5.16 Italy .......................................................................................................................... 170

5.16.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 170
5.16.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 171
5.16.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 172

5.17 Latvia ........................................................................................................................ 173
5.18 Lithuania .................................................................................................................. 174
5.19 Luxembourg ............................................................................................................ 175

5.20 Malta ........................................................................................................................ 176

5.20.1 Utility industry structure ..................................................................................... 177
5.20.2 National smart grid project ................................................................................ 177

5.21 Netherlands ............................................................................................................. 178

5.21.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 178
5.21.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 180
5.21.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 181

5.22 Norway ..................................................................................................................... 182

5.22.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 182
5.22.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 183
5.22.3 Smart metering market developments and DSO rollout preparations ............. 185

5.23 Poland ...................................................................................................................... 187

5.23.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 187
5.23.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering projects ....................... 188

5.24 Portugal ................................................................................................................... 189

5.24.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 189
5.24.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 190

5.25 Romania ................................................................................................................... 191

5.25.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 191
5.25.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ...... 192

5.26 Slovakia ................................................................................................................... 193

5.26.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 193
5.26.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ...... 194

5.27 Slovenia ................................................................................................................... 194

5.27.1 Electricity industry structure and metering regulatory environment ................. 194
5.27.2 Smart metering projects .................................................................................... 195

5.28 Spain ........................................................................................................................ 196

5.28.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure ............................................. 196
5.28.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 197
5.28.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 198

5.29 Sweden .................................................................................................................... 200

5.29.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 200
5.29.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 201
5.29.3 Smart metering market developments .............................................................. 202
5.29.4 The outcome of a regulation driven rollout ....................................................... 205

5.30 Switzerland .............................................................................................................. 207

5.30.1 Electricity distribution industry structure ........................................................... 207
5.30.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ...... 208

5.31 United Kingdom ....................................................................................................... 209

5.31.1 Electricity and gas industry structure ................................................................ 209
5.31.2 Metering regulatory environment ...................................................................... 212
5.31.3 Great Britain’s planned nationwide smart metering system ............................. 213
5.31.4 Early smart meter deployments ........................................................................ 215
5.31.5 Smart metering in Northern Ireland and the Channel Islands .......................... 216

6 Case studies: Smart metering projects in Europe ........................................................... 217

6.1 Enel .......................................................................................................................... 217

6.1.1 The Telegestore project in Italy ......................................................................... 217
6.1.2 New generation of smart meters and system solutions .................................... 219
6.1.3 Endesa’s smart metering project in Spain ........................................................ 219
6.1.4 Smart meter rollout plan for Romania ............................................................... 220

6.2 ERDF ........................................................................................................................ 220

6.2.1 The Linky Programme ....................................................................................... 221
6.2.2 System development and full-scale pilot .......................................................... 223

6.3 E.ON ........................................................................................................................ 224

6.3.1 Sweden: Initial experiences from a smart meter rollout .................................... 225
6.3.2 Spain and the UK: Complete rollouts before 2020 ........................................... 227
6.3.3 Germany and Central Europe: Pilot projects and retail propositions ............... 228

6.4 Iberdrola .................................................................................................................. 229

6.4.1 The PRIME project ............................................................................................ 230
6.4.2 Smart metering rollout in Spain ........................................................................ 231

6.5 GrDF ........................................................................................................................ 231

6.6 Alliander ................................................................................................................... 232

6.6.1 Early smart metering activities .......................................................................... 233
6.6.2 CDMA450 smart grid communication network plans ....................................... 234

6.7 Energa ..................................................................................................................... 234

6.8 The UK Smart Meter Implementation Programme .................................................. 236

6.8.1 Arqiva’s FlexNet radio solution for the North .................................................... 237
6.8.2 Telef?ica’s cellular and mesh solution for the Centre and South ................... 238

7 Market forecasts and trends ............................................................................................ 239

7.1 Market trends ........................................................................................................... 239

7.1.1 National governments decide if and when rollouts take place ......................... 240
7.1.2 No end in sight for market fragmentation ......................................................... 241
7.1.3 Wireless communication technologies gain traction ........................................ 242
7.1.4 ICT providers take a more prominent place in the value chain ........................ 243

7.2 Smart electricity metering market forecast .............................................................. 244

7.2.1 Geographical markets ....................................................................................... 245
7.2.2 Capital expenditure forecast ............................................................................. 250
7.2.3 Communication technology market shares ...................................................... 253

7.3 Smart gas metering market forecast ....................................................................... 254

Glossary .................................................................................................................................. 257

List of Figures

Figure 1.1: Top 25 energy companies, by turnover (EU27+2 2012) ......................................... 4
Figure 1.2: Electricity generation and consumption data (EU27 2012) ..................................... 5
Figure 1.3: Electricity market statistics (Europe 2013) ............................................................... 7
Figure 1.4: Electricity market statistics (Europe 2013) ............................................................... 8
Figure 1.5: Top 25 electricity DSOs (EU28+2 2013) ................................................................ 10
Figure 1.6: Top 25 electricity DSOs (Southeast and East Europe 2013) ................................. 12
Figure 1.7: Gas market statistics (EU28+2 2013) .................................................................... 14
Figure 1.8: Top 25 gas DSOs (EU28+2 2013) ......................................................................... 15
Figure 1.9: District heating market overview (EU28+2 2011) .................................................. 16
Figure 2.1: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle ................................................................................. 23
Figure 2.2: Smart metering infrastructure ................................................................................. 25
Figure 2.3: Examples of smart electricity meters ...................................................................... 26
Figure 3.1: Overview of power grid infrastructure ..................................................................... 38
Figure 3.2: Standard model for smart grid communication network........................................ 39
Figure 3.3: Alternative model for smart grid communication network...................................... 40
Figure 3.4: Technical comparison of key PLC technology standards ...................................... 43
Figure 3.5: Members of the G3-PLC Alliance by industry......................................................... 48
Figure 3.6: Members of the PRIME Alliance by industry .......................................................... 50
Figure 3.7: Members of the Meters & More Association by industry ....................................... 51
Figure 3.8: Selected members of HomePlug Powerline Alliance by industry .......................... 54
Figure 3.9: Top 25 semiconductor companies and smart grid technology support ................ 60
Figure 4.1: Energy meter vendor company data (World/Europe, FY2012/2013) ..................... 70
Figure 4.2: Landis+Gyr smart metering product portfolio (Europe 2013) ............................... 73
Figure 4.3: Itron smart metering product portfolio (Europe 2013) ........................................... 77
Figure 4.4: Elster smart metering product portfolio (Europe 2013).......................................... 80
Figure 5.1: Regulatory policies for smart meter rollouts, by country (EU28+2 Q4-2013) ..... 128
Figure 5.2: Top 25 smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries (Q3-2013) ....................... 130
Figure 5.3: Top 10 electricity and gas DSOs in Austria (2013) ............................................... 132
Figure 5.4: Electricity and gas network operators in Belgium (2013) .................................... 135
Figure 5.5: Electricity DSOs and smart meters under contract in Bulgaria (2013) ................ 137
Figure 5.6: Top 5 DSOs in the Czech Republic (2013) .......................................................... 142
Figure 5.7: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Denmark (2013) ......................................................... 144
Figure 5.8: Major SM projects in Denmark (2013) .................................................................. 146
Figure 5.9: Smart metering projects in Estonia ...................................................................... 148
Figure 5.10: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Finland (2013) .......................................................... 150
Figure 5.11: Top 25 SM contracts in Finland (2013) .............................................................. 151
Figure 5.12: Top 50 electricity DSOs in Germany (2013) ....................................................... 158
Figure 5.13: Top 5 DSOs in Hungary (2013) .......................................................................... 165
Figure 5.14: Top 15 electricity and gas DSOs in Italy (2013) ................................................. 171
Figure 5.15: Electricity and gas DSOs in the Netherlands (2013) .......................................... 179
Figure 5.16: Smart electricity meter installations in the Netherlands (Q3-2013) .................... 181
Figure 5.17: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Norway (2013) ......................................................... 183
Figure 5.18: Top 10 full-scale SM projects in Norway (2013) ................................................. 186
Figure 5.19: Electricity DSOs in Poland (2013) ...................................................................... 188
Figure 5.20: Top 5 DSOs in Portugal (2013) .......................................................................... 190
Figure 5.21: Top 5 DSOs in Romania (2013) .......................................................................... 192
Figure 5.22: Electricity DSOs in Slovenia (2013) .................................................................... 195
Figure 5.23: Major electricity and gas DSOs in Spain (2013) ................................................. 197
Figure 5.24: Smart electricity meter installations in Spain (Q4-2013) .................................... 199
Figure 5.25: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Sweden (2013) ......................................................... 201
Figure 5.26: SM contracts awarded by top 10 DSOs in Sweden ........................................... 203
Figure 5.27: SM vendor selection of medium sized DSOs in Sweden ................................... 204
Figure 5.28: Features of smart meters in Sweden .................................................................. 205
Figure 5.29: Communication technologies of smart meters in Sweden ................................ 206
Figure 5.30: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Switzerland (2013) ................................................... 208
Figure 5.31: Electricity DSOs in the UK (2013) ....................................................................... 210
Figure 5.32: Gas DSOs in the UK (2013) ................................................................................ 211
Figure 5.33: Estimated electricity and gas retailer market shares in the UK (2012) .............. 211
Figure 6.1: Telegestore annual operational data in Italy (2011) ............................................. 218
Figure 6.2: Conceptual system architecture for ERDF’s smart metering system .................. 222
Figure 6.3: E.ON smart metering status by country (Europe 2013) ....................................... 224
Figure 6.4: SM contracts awarded by E.ON Sweden (20052007) ........................................ 226
Figure 6.5: GrDF’s smart gas metering cost benefit analysis (2013) ..................................... 232
Figure 6.6: Estimated cost of Energa’s smart metering project ............................................. 235
Figure 7.1: Electricity smart meter shipments and penetration rate (EU28+2 20132019) ... 245
Figure 7.2: Electricity smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 20122019) .................. 247
Figure 7.3: Electricity smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 20122019) ............. 248
Figure 7.4: Electricity smart metering capital expenditure forecast (EU28+2 20122019) ... 250
Figure 7.5: Estimated capital cost for some smart metering projects in Europe ................... 251
Figure 7.6: Breakdown of costs for electricity smart metering projects in W. Europe ........... 252
Figure 7.7: Smart meter shipments, by communication technology (EU28+2 20132019) . 253
Figure 7.8: Gas smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 20132019) ...................... 254
Figure 7.9: Gas smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 20132019) ........................... 255

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