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世界の商業施設向けコジェネレーション(CHP)市場の分析と予測:商業ビル、施設、自治体建物におけるコジェネレーション向け燃料電池、エンジン、タービン技術
Combined Heat and Power for Commercial Buildings Fuel Cell, Engine, and Turbine Technologies for Cogeneration in Commercial, Institutional, and Municipal Buildings: Global Market Analysis and Forecasts
■商品番号 navigantfeb08 ■出版日 2015-02-08
■出版社 NAVIGANT Research ■ページ数 100
■図表数 57 ■価格 U$ 4,600
■商品形態 電子媒体    
注:外貨表示の価格は購入申込日のTTSレートで換算し、消費税を加えたものが商品の購入価格になります。
レポート概要
この調査レポートは、タービン、レシプロエンジン、スターリングエンジンなどの技術を採用した病院、大学、ホテル、カジノ、空港などの多様な商業施設向けコジェネレーション(CHP/熱併給発電)システムの世界の市場将来性を分析しています。商業建物コジェネレーションシステムの製造と導入を行った主要国と関連システムに使用されている技術を詳細に評価しています。システム設置数や設置容量、平均設置容量規模、収益は地域毎と用途毎に2024年までの予測が行われています。また世界の商業施設向けコジェネレーション市場に属する主要産業プレイヤーについても調査しています。

Commercial combined heat and power (comCHP) systems, which are small to medium distributed energy generation systems that produce electricity while also capturing heat, are garnering increased interest from policymakers, utilities, and building owners in a growing number of countries. Distributed generation installations have the advantages of going online more quickly than traditional large centralized power stations, reducing demand pressure on the electrical grid, and reducing inefficiencies that are common in centralized power generation, transmission, and distribution. Installations that use CHP technologies have the additional benefit of producing thermal energy that can be used as heat, converted to electricity, or converted to cooling when coupled with an adsorption chiller.

The technologies behind many comCHP products have been under development for more than a decade. Today, the market is beginning to gain momentum, and an increasing number of companies are introducing increasingly standardized commercial products. Driven by concerns about grid reliability, meeting growing demand for electricity, increasing grid efficiency, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, governments around the world are focused on increasing subsidies and other incentives for the adoption of comCHP systems and related building efficiency technologies. According to Navigant Research, global comCHP installed capacity is expected to grow from 32.7 GW in 2015 to 74.4 GW by 2024.

This Navigant Research report analyzes the global market potential for comCHP systems for a range of building applications  hospitals, universities, hotels, casinos, airports, etc.  using technologies including turbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, and Stirling engines. The study provides in-depth assessments of leading countries for the manufacture and adoption of comCHP systems and the technologies utilized in such systems. Global market forecasts for system installments, installed capacity, average installation capacity size, and revenue, segmented by region and application, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key industry players engaged in the global comCHP market.

Key Questions Addressed:
What is the size of the global market opportunity for commercial combined heat and power (comCHP) systems?
Which countries offer the most attractive opportunities for comCHP?
How will technology improvements, modularization, and standardization influence the average installation size across key regions over the next decade?
What business models are driving comCHP adoption across small commercial, large commercial, institutional, and municipal applications?
What are the key drivers for comCHP adoption at the building owner, utility, and government levels?

Who needs this report?
Combined heat and power (CHP) technology vendors and integrators
Fuel cell companies
Natural gas companies
Utilities
Building owners and managers
Corporate and institutional energy managers
Government agencies
Investor community

目次

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

1.1 Overview

1.2 Market Forecast

2. Market Issues

2.1 Introduction to Combined Heat and Power

2.1.1 CHP as a DG Technology

2.1.2 Why CHP?

2.2 Defining the Commercial CHP Market

2.2.1 ComCHP Benefits

2.2.2 ComCHP Application Groups

2.3 ComCHP Market Drivers

2.3.1 Energy Security

2.3.1.1 Security against Blackouts

2.3.1.1.1. Grid Resiliency

2.3.1.2 Security against Price Volatility

2.3.2 Energy Supply Diversification

2.3.3 Grid Modernization

2.3.3.1 New York State Public ServiceCommission’s Reforming the Energy Vision

2.3.4 Volatility in the Spark Spread

2.3.4.1 Specific Cost Considerations

2.3.4.2 NG Prices

2.3.5 Mitigating Building or Facility Operating Costs

2.3.5.1 Avoided Costs

2.3.5.2 Staff Reduction via Outsourcing

2.3.5.3 Added Tenant Service/Rent

2.3.6 Wholesale Market Revenue Opportunities

2.3.6.1 ISO-NE Forward Capacity Market

2.3.6.2 PJM Energy Market

2.3.6.3 NYISO

2.3.6.4 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Order 745 Court Case

2.3.7 Emissions and Emissions Savings

2.3.7.1 The U.S. EPA’s Clean Power Plan

2.3.8 Tariff Issues

2.3.9 Policies and Incentives

2.3.9.1 Financial Incentives

2.3.9.1.1. FITs

2.3.9.2 Government Incentives

2.3.9.2.1. Connecticut

2.3.9.2.2. New Jersey Energy Resilience Bank

2.3.9.2.3. New York

2.3.9.2.4. RECs

2.3.9.3 Regulations for Utilities

2.3.9.3.1. Renewable Portfolio Standards

2.3.9.3.2. Energy Efficiency Directives

2.3.9.4 Emissions Regulations

2.3.9.5 Research and Development Subsidies

2.3.9.6 Adoption Subsidies

2.3.10 Thermal versus Electrical Output in ComCHP

2.3.11 Commercialization Programs

2.4 Market Barriers

2.4.1 Utilities

2.4.2 CHP Costs

2.4.2.1 Installed Cost

2.4.2.2 CAPEX

2.4.2.3 Operation and Maintenance Cost

2.4.2.4 Total Cost of Ownership

2.4.3 Regulations

2.4.3.1 Permitting and Air Quality

2.4.3.2 Environmental Regulations

2.4.3.3 Municipal Regulations

2.4.4 Access to Fuel Sources

2.4.5 Market Immaturity

2.4.5.1 Public Awareness and Acceptance

2.4.5.2 Product Availability

2.4.5.3 Durability and Maintenance

2.4.5.4 Support and Repair Infrastructure

3. Country Profiles

3.1 Introduction

3.2 United States

3.2.1 Policy Outlook

3.2.2 Overview of Commercial Building Stock

3.3 Germany

3.3.1 Policy Outlook

3.3.2 Overview of the Commercial Building Stock

3.4 United Kingdom

3.5 Denmark

3.6 Russia

3.7 China

3.7.1 Policy Outlook

3.7.2 Overview of Commercial Building Stock

3.8 Japan

3.9 South Korea

4. Technology Issues

4.1 CHP Technical Overview

4.1.1 CHP Efficiency

4.1.1.1 Total CHP Efficiency

4.1.1.2 Effective Electrical Efficiency

4.1.1.3 Power-to-Heat Ratio

4.1.2 CHP Integration

4.1.2.1 Building Integration

4.1.2.2 Grid Interconnection

4.2 CHP Components

4.2.1 Prime Movers

4.2.2 Heat Recovery Device

4.2.3 Utility Interface

4.2.4 Controls

4.2.5 Optional Components

4.3 Mechanical Systems

4.3.1 ICEs

4.3.2 Steam and Gas Turbines

4.3.2.1 Combined Cycle Gas Turbines

4.3.2.2 Microturbines

4.3.3 Emerging Mechanical Technologies

4.3.3.1 Reciprocating and Stirling Engines

4.4 Fuel Cells

4.4.1 Differences among Fuel Cells

4.4.2 Cost of Fuel Cell Systems

4.4.3 Fuel Cells for comCHP

4.5 Feedstocks

4.5.1 NG

4.5.2 Opportunity Fuels

4.6 Efficiencies and Emissions Profiles

4.7 Complementary Technologies

4.7.1 Chillers

4.7.2 Thermoelectric Generators

4.8 ComCHP Innovation

4.8.1 Solar Cogeneration

4.8.2 Smart Energy Building Systems

5.Key Industry Players

5.1 Introduction

5.2 2G CENERGY

5.3 Aegis Energy Services

5.4 Ameresco, Inc.

5.5 Capstone Turbine Corporation

5.6 Caterpillar, Inc.

5.7 Cogenra Solar

5.8 Constellation Energy

5.9 Cummins Power Generation

5.10 Dresser-Rand

5.11 FlexEnergy, Inc.

5.12 FuelCell Energy

5.13 Fuji Electric Corp.

5.14 GE Power & Water

5.15 Honeywell International

5.16 IntelliGen Power

5.17 MTU Onsite Energy

5.18 MWM GmbH

5.19 Tecogen, Inc.

5.20 Viessmann Group

5.21 W舐tsil?/p>

6. Market Forecasts

6.1 Methodology

6.2 Key Flex Points

6.3 Global Building Stock

6.4 Regional Markets

6.4.1 North America

6.4.2 Europe

6.4.3 Asia Pacific

6.5 Market Forecasts by Region

6.5.1 Installed Capacity

6.5.2 System Installments

6.5.3 Average Installation Size

6.6 Market Forecasts by Application Group

6.6.1 Installed Capacity

6.6.2 Growth Rates

6.7 Market Value Forecasts

6.7.1 By Region

6.7.2 By Application Group

6.8 Conclusions and Recommendations

7. Company Directory
8. Acronym and Abbreviation List
9. Table of Contents
10. Table of Charts and Figures
11. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

  • ComCHP Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Share of ComCHP Sites by Building Type, United States: 2013
  • Share of ComCHP Capacity by Building Type, United States: 2013
  • Billion-Dollar Weather- and Climate-Related Disasters, United States: 2000-2012
  • Total Primary Energy Demand by Fuel Type, World Markets: 1990-2030
  • Spot Price of Natural Gas by Market, World Markets: 2004-2014
  • ISO-NE Forward Capacity Market Prices: 2010-2017
  • Share of Installed ComCHP Capacity by Application Group, United States: 2015
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Germany: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, China: 2013-2023
  • Share of CHP Sites by Technology, United States: 2013
  • Share of CHP Capacity by Fuel Type, United States: 2013
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2014-2023
  • ComCHP Cumulative System Installments by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Average Installation Size by Region, World Markets:2015-2024
  • ComCHP Installed Capacity by Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Installed Capacity CAGRs by Region and Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Revenue by Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • Observed Outages to the Bulk Electric System, United States:1991-2012
  • Potential Increase in CHP Capacity from EPA 111(d): 2030
  • CHP (All Types) as a Percentage of National Generating Capacity
  • Stirling Engine

List of Tables

  • ComCHP Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets:2015-2024
  • Share of ComCHP Sites by Building Type, United States: 2013
  • Share of ComCHP Capacity by Building Type, United States: 2013
  • Billion-Dollar Weather- and Climate-Related Disasters, United States: 2000-2012
  • Total Primary Energy Demand by Fuel Type, World Markets: 1990-2030
  • Spot Price of Natural Gas by Market, World Markets: 2001-2014
  • ISO-NE Forward Capacity Market Prices by Market: 2010-2017
  • Share of Installed ComCHP Capacity by Application Group, United States: 2015
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, United States: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, Germany: 2013-2023
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, China: 2013-2023
  • Share of CHP Sites by Technology, United States: 2013
  • Share of CHP Capacity by Fuel Type, United States: 2013
  • Commercial Building Stock by Building Type, World Markets: 2013-2023
  • ComCHP Installed Capacity by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Cumulative System Installments by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Average Installation Size by Region, World Markets:2015-2024
  • ComCHP Installed Capacity by Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Installed Capacity CAGRs by Region and Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Revenue by Application Group, World Markets: 2015-2024
  • ComCHP Application Groups
  • ComCHP Categories
  • Key Existing ComCHP Markets: Capacity, Sites, Fuel Sources, and Technologies
  • Key Existing ComCHP Markets: Size, Sites, and Capacity
  • Estimated Losses per Hour of Grid Failure
  • NYSERDA CHP Performance Program Incentives
  • State RPS Targets Including CHP or Waste Heat as an Eligible Resource
  • Banding System for CHP and Non-CHP Equivalents
  • Summary of CHP Technologies
  • Prime Mover Technology Characteristics
  • Summary of Fuel Cell Types and Operating Characteristics
  • Summary of Efficiencies and Emissions Profiles by Technology

http://www.dri.co.jp/auto/report/nvr/nvrcchp.html


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